Analysis of status quo of management informatization in machinery manufacturing industry
* 来源 : * 作者 : admin * 发表时间 : 2015-10-14 * 浏览 : 166
Analysis of status quo of management informatization in machinery manufacturing industry China's home appliance product has several production ranks first in the world, but the innovative design, with independent intellectual property rights in advanced manufacturing technology and equipment and modern management, there are still some gaps, so people issued a "China is a manufacturing country, but also is not a manufacturing powerhouse" sigh. The article deals with machinery manufacturing enterprises in the management of the existing problems in the development and use of information technology to improve the management level, technical characteristics and trend of information management in some research, reference for mechanical manufacturing enterprise informatization project. Nowadays, with the formation of the world economic integration, Chinese enterprises are faced with unprecedented fierce competition. This requires rapid upgrading of enterprise products, high quality products, low prices, prompt delivery, good service. The weapons of these market competition are closely related to enterprise management model, management methods, management methods, organizational structure and business processes. However, due to the influence of planned economy, the competition between Chinese enterprises and people is still a gap compared with developed countries. The mode of production planning control is backward: almost all mechanical manufacturing enterprises which have not implemented ERP have adopted the plan of set plan. That is, the longest production cycle of the product as a product of all kinds of materials procurement lead time and production lead time. Exaggerate the lead time, resulting in high inventory and WIP reserves, liquidity occupation, production plan and purchasing plan, parts complete level is poor, can not be delivered on time, or with high reserves to keep delivery date. This is far from the modern management methods, material requirements planning, MRP, JIT production, JIT, vendor management, warehouse VMI, synchronous production, etc.. Enterprises have poor response ability: the market today is changing rapidly and the demand is diverse. Assemble MTO according to order, make MTO according to order, design MTD according to order, mass customization MC, etc. variety, specification are various, production and purchase are very complicated. A customer sales design production procurement financial cost, this process requires a complete supply chain management, can dynamically and quickly respond to customer needs, adapt to the market and customized the myriads of changes is very poor. Cost control is poor: labor cost accounting generally can only calculate the product cost, can not calculate the cost of components. Cost sharing is very rough, a large number of three data is artificially collected, the accuracy is very poor, making the cost calculation inaccurate. In addition, the standard cost calculation is usually not carried out, and the cost control is very poor because of the low cost and cost analysis. Information is not timely, inaccurate and not shared: manufacturing, production, supply, marketing, human, financial, and material are an organic whole, and there is a great deal of information exchange between them. However, the artificial management information is not timely, inaccurate and not shared, which greatly affects the scientific nature of management decisions. The organizational structure is unreasonable: the organizational structure of bureaucracy is not the flat organization facing the business process, resulting in the irrational business process, the management and control of the business process is not standardized, and the randomness is great. Lack of standardization, standardization, institutionalization, and stylized management, the management of the pros and cons vary from person to person. Although a series of procedural documents have been developed through IS09000, the effect of implementation varies between the business and the management. Management methods are backward: most enterprises are still in manual decentralized management or individual management stage of microcomputer. Some enterprises have also established the entirefactory computer network, but the application is still fragmented, optimal allocation not realize the sharing of information and resources, not many new methods of modern management application to go into production soon.